10 Facts You May Not Know About The Alexandrite Gemstone

Unique, romantic and endlessly charming is how a gemstone enthusiast would describe alexandrite, known as one of the three June birthstones. Alexandrite is easy to love, but hard to own, because this fantastic rock is extremely rare and expensive. This article is a special shout-out to anyone who already has it or is planning to add it to their collection of precious jewels. Following are the most interesting facts about the one and only, alexandrite gemstone.

1. Alexandrite was originally discovered in Russia, 1834.

The first alexandrite specimen in history was found in the Ural mountains by Nils Gustaf Nordenskiöld, a Finish mineralogist and traveler who first misidentified it as emerald. The gem got its name in honor of the Russian Czar Alexander II. The discovery took place on the future czar’s 16th birthday when he wasn’t wearing the crown yet and was known as Alexander Nikolaevich only.

2. Alexandrite exhibits a different color in artificial and daylight.

Due to its pleochroic property, alexandrite is defined as a color change variety. In other words, it is a color-change gemstone that switches from one color appearance to another, depending on the particular type of lighting. Typically, alexandrite displays a blue-green hue in daylight, while it appears red in incandescent light. The rarest specimens of color-change alexandrite have either yellow green or plain green color.

Let's take a close-up look at this magnificent color change: 


3. Alexandrite exhibits chatoyancy.

The simplest way to explain this optical phenomenon is: a visible white stripe in the center of the gem that makes it appear as a cat’s eye. Hence, the second popular name of chatoyancy. When the gem is moved back and forth in fluorescent light, the white stripe beneath its surface does the same and this is how the best “cat’s eye” performance can be seen. Alexandrite is one of the gemstones that display the finest chatoyancy, along with aquamarine, tourmaline and moonstone.

4. Alexandrite is more expensive than sapphire, ruby, and emerald.

The reports reveal that alexandrite specimens below one carat fetch higher prices than other reputable colored gems, like sapphire, ruby and emerald. Surprisingly or not, another big name added to this category is diamond. Not just alexandrite is rarer than the rock we all know as “a girl’s best friend”, but it is also more expensive. Therefore, a single carat of non-treated, natural alexandrite is priced within the $20,000 - $35,000 range, while a flawless, D-grade diamond with the same size costs between $24,000 - $29,000.

5. Alexandrite is mainly faceted into cushion and round cuts.

Since most alexandrite specimens feature a carat weight below 2 CTW,  cutters tend to give them either the cushion or the round look, because these two shapes work best for smaller stones. Therefore, the alexandrite gemstone can be commonly seen in a ring and necklace designs, often playing the role of a centerpiece, thanks to its genuine color attributes. The round-cut alexandrite is also used in gemstone bracelets.

6. The largest faceted Alexandrite weighs 66 carats.

This one-of-a-kind specimen with vibrant green and red hues is on display at the Smithsonian Museum in Washington, DC. It is, undoubtedly, a majestic cushion-cut rock that is originally coming from Sri Lanka.

7. Alexandrite has an outstanding hardness.

Ranking 8.5 on the Mohs scale, the alexandrite gemstone is one of the hardest minerals on the planet. This feature makes it highly favored in jewelry craftsmanship, as it allows artisans to easily work with it and create complex designs. A quick and short comparison: alexandrite is harder than garnet (7.5 Mohs) and softer than sapphire (9 Mohs).

8. Alexandrite is rarely treated.

Unlike almost any other member of the gemstone family, alexandrite is a one that is typically untreated. Hence, the reason why it is considered an exceptionally precious possession. However, imitations do exist, but they can be easily identified with the use of special tools and techniques that modern appraisers employ in their work. The truth is, even synthetic alexandrites, whose price is significantly lower than its mined counterpart, is often not affordable for the average consumer.

9. Alexandrite is found only in a few locations in the world.

Apart from the Ural mountains – the original source of alexandrite, this gemstone can be also found in a few other deposits in Brazil, Sri Lanka, Burma, Madagascar and Tanzania.

10. Alexandrite is associated with love and fortune.

Many myths and legends describe alexandrite as a carrier of good luck, especially when it comes to love and finances. Hence, the popular belief that the alexandrite gemstone is a good omen and the reason why consumers preferably choose it as a part of their engagement ring designs. Other symbolic alexandrite meanings are:

  • it promotes imagination, creativity, and intuition.
  • it strengthens the focus, concentration and the strive for excellence.
  • it represents a bridge between the physical and spiritual world.

IMPORTANT: Kobelli Jewelry does not make any warranties about the reliability of this information. Should you have any medical condition, please consult your physician.

Video Credit: Certified Jewelry

Photo Credit: Pinterest


wow i have 3 but alexanderite is the best one

sophia harris October 07, 2022

alexandrite is my birth stone :)))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))

rose fart July 07, 2022

alexandrite is my birth stone :)))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))))

rose fart August 19, 2022

My birthday is in June. I always had dreams of owning an Alexandrite. I bought a ring with a half carat Russian Alexandrite in 1984. It is my pride and joy.

Lisa D November 10, 2021

I have been obsessed with alexandrite since my son Robert was born June 2nd, 1983….I have an 8th of a carat loose. I absolutely know it’s not from Ural mtns. Love your article . Maybe someday……..❤

Lisa August 19, 2022

I have been obsessed with alexandrite since my son Robert was born June 2nd, 1983….I have an 8th of a carat loose. I absolutely know it’s not from Ural mtns. Love your article . Maybe someday……..❤

Lisa September 21, 2021

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